The material contained in this web site is general pediatric otolaryngology information provided for informative and educational purposes only. This information should not be used as a substitute for the personal, professional medical advice of your physician.

General pediatric ear, nose, and throat advice, such as the kind in this web site, can never substitute for personal, professional advice given based on your medical history, your family medical history, your medication history, and other factors. Because these factors are different for every person, you should always consult your physician before relying on information provided in this web site.

Nothing in this web site should be construed as establishing a patient-physician relationship between you and Michigan Pediatric Ear Nose and Throat., or any of our staff. If you need medical assistance, contact us directly or seek appropriate referral from your primary care physician. If you are experiencing an emergency, dial 911 immediately.