ENT Direct Laryngoscopy and Bronchoscopy, Esophagoscopy and Esophageal Biopsy.

In the operating room, a thin tube with a light, camera and telescope is passed directly into the airways and esophagus in order to provide a detailed examination.


*Optimal visualization of the airways and esophagus
*Ability to test for reflux and infection
*Pictures can be taken for documentation
*Secretions can be suctioned
*Foreign bodies can be removed

This procedure is done in the operating room by highly skilled surgeons, anesthesiologists and nurses in order to decrease the possibility of complications.


*Loosening of teeth
*Swelling in the airway and esophagus
*Air leak into area around lungs or in chest cavity
*Injury to airway
*Decreased oxygen level in blood
*Spasm in the airway
*Irregular heart rhythm
*Stomach contents entering lungs
*Infection in lungs
*Esophageal perforation, injury